No sooner had Taiwan been restored from Japan than Taiwan held a population census in 1946 at which time there were 271,754 people in Taipei City. On July 01st, 1967 Taipei City with its original ten districts was upgraded into a municipality of sixteen districts directly under the jurisdiction of The Central Government.
Neihu, Nangang, Muzha, Jingmei, Shilin and Beitou were incorporated into Taipei City. At the end of 1967 there were 1,199,937 people in Taipei City. On March 12th, 1990, the districts were reorganized into twelve districts: Songshan, Xinyi, Daan, Zhongshan, Zhongzheng, Datong, Wanhua, Wenshan, Nangang, Neihu, Shilin and Beitou. The population at the end of 2004 reached 2,622,472 people (1,286,303 males and 1,336,169 females with a gender ratio of 96.27％). Compared with that of the end of 2003, males decreased by 5,439, females increased by 773 and the total population decreased by 4,666.
Population Allocation The Taipei City land area equals 271.7997 square kilometers with its residents spread across the twelve districts of the City: Songshan, Xinyi, Daan, Zhongshan, Zhongzheng, Datong, Wanhua, Wenshan, Nangang, Neihu, Shilin and Beitou. The population density was 9,649 people per square kilometer at the end of 2004.
1. Population Density
The City’s population density by district is as follows: The densest is The Daan District with 27,510 persons per square kilometer followed by The Datong District with 22,619 in second place, The Wanhua District containing 22,305 at third, and followed by Songshan, Zhongzheng, and Xinyi Districts with roughly 21,000 people each. Nangang, Shilin and Beitou Districts are sparser in population having fewer than 6,000 persons per square kilometer each. Owing to the huge land areas in The Shilin and Beitou Districts, they rank second and the fi fth in population density at less than 5,000, making these two districts the least populated in the City.
2. Births and Deaths In 2004 the gross birth ratio was .844％, down by .041％ from the previous year; the gross death ratio was .534％, up by .011％ from 2003. Social environmental factors, economic development, older marrital age and changed ideas of marriage have affected the willingness to marry and have resulted in decreased gross birth rates over the last 10 years. These falling gross birth rates will cause the population to age and bring about labor shortages. The fact that the percentage of senior citizens in Taipei City continued to climb in the last 10 years will cause the death rate to rise. To prevent rapid population decline and aging from impacting the nation’s economic development, our City needs to boost the birth rate for reasonable population growth and take necessary measures to deal with increases in the number of new immigrants. The goal of the population policy in 2004 is to “Value the Birth, Nourishment and Education of the Next Generation” and to “Show Care for Adjustment to Diversifi ed Cultures.” Our purpose is to rebuild childbirth and family values, to encourage young people to marry and bear children, and to help new immigrants adjust to new lives.
Demographic Composition The age structure of a given population has significant social and economic connotations. It serves as a good indication of a city’s labor resources, demographic development and social welfare programs.
1. Age Distribution
In general the more the number of laborers the fewer will be the number of dependants. More people on the production lines help the economy. At the end of 2004, Taipei City population aged 0-14 was 464,338 while the figure for the 15-64 age group was 1,871,660 and the number of people aged 65 and over was 286,474. The dependency rate was 40.11％, down by .27％ from the previous year.
Table 1 Taipei City Population's Age Structure in the Last 10 Years( Unit: ％)
2. Marital Status
In 2004 14,584 couples married, and the gross marriage rate was .556％; 6,843 couples divorced, and the gross divorce rate was .261％. Compared with that of 2003, the gross marriage rate decreased by .134％, and the gross divorce rate decreased by .01％.
3. Educational Degrees
In 1968 when Taipei City was at its initial period of reorganization, a survery was made for citizens above 6 years old. with the result that 8.31％ of Taipei City dwellers possesed college or higher education levels, 11.05％ had common or vocational high school educations, 53.95％ with middle school or elementary education, and 11.31％ had no schooling. Due to the employment of The Nine-Year National Compulsory Education System, the education level throughout Taipei has generally increased. In 1997 The Household Registration Act was amended so that the statistical standard for educational degrees in household registrations was also changed for people above 15 years of age. Until the end of 2004 among our city’s population above 15 years, there were 38.61％ with college or higher education, 23.68％ with common or vocational high school education, 18.62％ having middle or elementary education, and 1.39％ with no schooling. In general the literacy rate for people above 15 years of age was 98.73％ , equaling 99.59％ for males and 97.93％ for females.
4. Ethnic Groups Distribution
In Taipei City there are four major ethnic groups: Indigenous Peoples, Southern Fujianese (Minnan Peoples), Hakkas and Mainlanders. However, only Indigenous Peoples are specifi ed in household registration. There is no categorization for Southern Fukienese, Hakkas and Mainlanders. Among the population in Taipei City, Southern Fukienese and Mainlanders are in the majority. In recent years many Hakkas have continually moved into Taipei City. There is no particular community for Hakkas, but they seem to gather around at South Airfi eld Apartments, Sanzhangli, Liuzhangli, Wufenpu, Hejiang Street and Wuchang Street. At this moment, Indigenous Peoples are divided into twelve tribes: Amis, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Puki, Puyuma, Tsou, Saisiat, Yami, Shou, Kamalan, and Truku. At the end of 2004, there were 11,124 Indigenous People in Taipei City (7,010 Plains Indigenous People and 4,114 Mountain Indigenous People), among whom Amis are the largest, followed by Atayals and Paiwans respectively, with Shous and Kamalans comprising the fewest. Indigenous Peoples congregate mostly in The Neihu District, followed by Wenshan District and Nangang District respectively. These areas are on the outskirts of Taipei City. In the inner areas such as Datong and Zhongzheng Districts, the population of Indigenous Peoples is signifi cantly low.
˙Taipei City Hall