Shanzhuku Landfill Site Transformed into Shanshuilu Eco-Park
Shanzhuku Landfill Site Becomes History
Can you imagine a landfill site being transformed into an eco-park? Shanzhuku Landfill Site is the best example of such a“green miracle,”creating a legend in the history of Taipei’s environmental protection.
The Department of Environmental Protection, Taipei City Government transformed Shanzhuku Landfill Site into Shanshuilu Eco-Park to realize the vision “Total Recycling, Zero Landfill.”
The Department of Environmental Protection constructed three incinerators in Neihu, Muzha and Beitou for waste reduction, but landfill sites are still necessary as the final disposal site of noncombustible waste. Fudekeng Landfill Site, which was originally the final disposal site of waste from Taipei, was closed because it reached its capacity. Therefore, construction of the Shanzhuku Landfill Site began in May 1993 after it passed its environmental impact assessment. Shanzhuku Landfill Site began operations in June 1994 and took over the task of Fudekeng Landfill Site.
Shanzhuku Landfill Site is located in the Shanzhuku mountain valley at the border of Nangang and New Taipei City’s Shenkeng. The mountain valley stretches in a northsouth direction, while the east and west slopes are forested; the north is higher and the south is lower, so that three sides are surrounded by mountains, forming a natural barrier; the Shanzhuku Landfill Site Transformed into Shanshuilu Eco-Park XIV north end is the downstream exit. There are northwest-southeast and northeast-southwest mountain ridges extending towards the valley on both sides. This landform makes it suitable for the safe storage of waste and ash. Recycling was finally implemented after Taipei enforced the per-bag trash collection fee policy, and the goal of zero landfill was finally achieved in 2010. However, the Department of Environmental Protection had already begun restoration work in 2005, and held a naming activity that selected the name Shanshuilu Eco- Park for the Shanzhuku Landfill Site.
Waste has no longer been buried in Shanzhuku Landfill Site since 2011, and the 21 hectares of landfill were restored and transformed into Shanshuilu Eco-Park, completely reversing the public’s impression of landfill sites as being dirty and foul smelling. Shanshuilu Eco-Park is an example of restoring and revitalizing landfill sites that increases land use value and improves the environment and landscape.
The Great Transformation of Shanzhuku Landfill Site
The Shanshuilu Eco-Park is an environmental achievement of Taipei and a witness to the civic literacy of residents. We are grateful to all residents for their support and participation in environmental policies, and diligent sorting of rubbish to continuously reduce Taipei’s waste. This has allowed the Department of Environmental Protection to no longer need to construct new landfill sites, and transform landfill sites into parks. Shanshuilu Eco-Park is a place for leisure and recreation that allows visitors to draw near to nature and experience ecology. “Shanzhuku” was the name of the Nangang District Jiuzhuang Village in the 1960s. Local elders indicated that the area was so named because many wild boars in the mountain valleys surrounding Nangang District, which is what Shanzhuku literally means. Although wild boars no longer inhabit the area, there are many stone sculptures of wild boars in the park for residents to remember the area’s past.
Shanshuilu Eco-Park is located on a large mountain slope; the soil was loosened to plant the vegetation to prevent soil erosion; there are currently over 1,000 trees in the park, including Koelreuteria elegans, Zelkova serrata, Liquidambar formosana, Acer serrulatum , cherry blossom, and Vernicia fordii . Shrubs and flowers are planted under the trees so that different layers of vegetation can absorb the most carbon dioxide, and also attract butterflies and birds, increasing ecological diversity. Furthermore, 18 bridges were built in the park along the terrain, allowing wild streams to naturally flow through. Fish can be found in the streams and attract many Little Egrets Egretta garzetta .
The opening of Shanshuilu Eco-Park symbolizes Nangang’s transformation. Nangang District not only has a technological aspect in the Nangang Software Park, convenient transportation provided by three railways, and a popular music center, but also Shanshuilu Eco-Park with 21 hectares of green space. The park is Nangang’s new landmark and green backyard. It combines ecological and environmental education, and gives Nangang explosive development potential, making Nangang a future star of Taipei that combines technology, music, convenience and ecology.
A New Landmark of Nangang, a Good Place for Leisure and Recreation
Shanshuilu Eco-Park covers an area of 21 hectares, roughly the size of three Songshan Cultural and Creative Parks. It contains a log cabin with seats outdoors for drinking coffee, a visitor center, stream restoration, swamp area, playground, pavilion, and observatory. The log cabin and visitor center were constructed from the structures of the garbage truck washing platform and recycling station. The wooden trail leading to the observatory has many rainbow colored columns, which were once the electricity poles of Fudekeng Landfill Site. Shanshuilu Eco-Park is the same as Fudekeng Eco-Park in that there is also waste buried underneath it, and there are also marsh gas (methane) collection pipes and an underground water pump to collect waste water. Since 1999, Shanshuilu Eco- Park has processed roughly 130 million cubic meter of marsh gas and generated 200 million kilowatt-hour of power. The park has many recycling facilities, all reminding citizens that resources are limited, and that cherishing and recycling resources is the only way to achieve sustainability.
Today, Shanshuilu Eco-Park provides a place in the suburbs for citizens to see nature and listen to insects and birds. During the day, visitors can see the mountains and Nangang District from the observatory. At night, visitors can admire the light scenery and see cars on national highways No.3 and No.5. The coffee log cabin allows visitors to enjoy some peace and quiet, or admire the moon and stars in the summer sky while listening to a symphony composed by frogs. The path circling the park is roughly 2.7 km long with an average 6% slope for cyclists to ride. Taipei residents must not miss such a meaningful and diverse leisure and recreation environment. Everyone is welcome to share the results of ecological restoration at the Shanshuilu Eco-Park.
Shanshuilu Eco-Park is located at No.37, Nanshen Rd., Nangang District, Taipei City. Citizens can take the MRT to Nangang Exhibition Center Station or Taipei Zoo Station and transfer to Zhi-Nan Bus Company No.679 Bus to Fusheng Gong Station (Shanshuilu Eco-Park), and then walk to the park. Citizens who drive should take National Highway No.3 north to Nanshen Rd. interchange, and then drive roughly 1.5 km down Nanshen Rd. to the entrance of Shanshuilu Eco-Park.